These Little Known Countries are not Internationally Recognised

Countries with no extradition are becoming rare. However to be able to sign an international treaty, such as an extradition treaty both countries must recognise each other. Where one country doesn’t recognise the other they can’t sign an extradition treaty, or indeed any kind of international treaty.

So, let’s have a look at our list of countries with no extradition in 2022:

Abkhazia

  • Geography: Located in the Caucasus Mountains, on the eastern coast of the Black Sea.
  • Population: 247,982
  • Government type: presidential republic
  • Status: Abkhazia is recognized as an independent state by Russia, Venezuela, Nicaragua and Nauru; Georgia considers it an occupied territory and does not recognize its existence as a separate country. Abkhazia declared independence from Georgia in 1999 after fighting a war with Georgia over control of the region from 1992 to 1993.

Republic of China (Taiwan)

Amongst the countries with no extradition Taiwan is perhaps the best known. China claims Taiwan is a breakaway republic and should be treated as part of China. Dues to China’s economic clout most of the world follows China’s wishes.

  • Taiwan is officially known as the Republic of China (ROC).
  • Taiwan has its own passport, currency, and military. However, it does not have membership in the UN or with any of its organizations like UNESCO or WHO.
  • The United States also refuses to recognize Taiwan’s independence, although they do have unofficial diplomatic relations. The US gives no official recognition to the Republic of China and abides by the One-China policy stipulated by PRC (People’s Republic of China) law.

Although Taiwan has created a working government that maintains an independent stance from mainland China, there are still questions about their future as a sovereign country.

Taiwan maintains good relations with the international community, however it’s largely unrecognised and extradition to and from Taiwan is difficult.

Northern Cyprus

The most interesting of the European countries with no extradition, Northern Cyprus also offers good weather and cheap real estate.

Northern Cyprus is a self-proclaimed state that only Turkey recognizes as an independent republic. It has a population of roughly 294,200 and the capital is North Nicosia. After gaining independence from the British Empire in 1960, Cyprus became a popular tourist destination—until Turkish forces invaded in 1974. The invasion was condemned by the United Nations Security Council, yet it only led to further instability on the island and ethnic tensions between Greek and Turkish Cypriots.

Today, Northern Cyprus still maintains de facto control over 36% of the territory of Cyprus, but it remains unrecognized by any other country in the world except for Turkey (which supports it militarily).

Somaliland

Somaliland is one of the most interesting countries with no extradition in Africa.

Somaliland declared independence from Somalia in 1991, but does not have the international recognition it seeks. The country has about 3.5 million people, its own currency (the Somaliland Shilling), and a working government that holds elections. While the U.N. doesn’t recognize Somaliland as an independent nation, it does allow for individual countries to do so if they choose. Unfortunately for Somaliland, no country has yet decided to recognize it as its own nation.

Kosovo

Kosovo declared its independence from Serbia in 2008. However, not all countries recognize Kosovo as an independent nation. Kosovo’s status is controversial, but it is recognized by most European nations and the United States. Serbia, Russia, Spain, Greece, Romania, Cyprus, Brazil and a handful of other countries do not recognize Kosovo as an independent state. It should be noted that Kosovo is recognised by the US and the UK.

Nagorno-Karabakh Republic

The Nagorno-Karabakh Republic (NKR) is a region located between Azerbaijan and Armenia. The area is mostly populated by ethnic Armenians. In 1991, the NKR declared independence from Azerbaijan, but this has not been recognized by the international community. There are ongoing negotiations to resolve this conflict.

Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic

The Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR) is a partially recognized state that controls a thin strip of land along the western side of the Sahara Desert, between Morocco to the north and Mauritania to the south. The SADR is recognized by other African countries through membership in the African Union (AU), but not by any other major global organization.

Transnistria

The only place that is officially not part of Moldova, Transnistria has a history of independence dating back to the mid-20th century. During World War II, Transnistrian forces fought alongside Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union on sides (German and Romanian respectively) that eventually won the war. The conflict has been frozen due to Russia’s annexation of Crimea in 2014.

South Ossetia

This country, along with Abkhazia, is recognized as a sovereign state by Russia while the rest of the world considers it a part of Georgia. South Ossetia has an economy that is almost entirely supported by Russia and was created in 1991. The capital is Tskhinvali, or Tskhinval in Ossetian. Even though this country isn’t officially independent, many people enjoy the beauty of its mountains and lakes.

Palestine (State of Palestine)

countries with no extradition
Palestine

Palestine is a de facto state in the middle east. It’s not officially recognized y the US or the UK as a country. It has membership of the UN as an observer.

As a non-member observer state at the UN, Palestine does not have a seat in the General Assembly. But the PA’s leadership can participate in meetings of various UN bodies, including by making speeches before member states or introducing resolutions in the General Assembly. At such forums, Palestinian officials have frequently used their status to criticize Israel for alleged human rights violations and war crimes committed against Palestinians during its decades of occupation of territory claimed by Ramallah for a future Palestinian state.

Palestine has no extradition treaties.

FAQs

What country can not extradite to the US?

There are 133 countries with no extradition treaty with the US, including major nations like Indonesia, Russia and China.

What countries do not extradite for felonies?

You can choose a country that does not have diplomatic relations with your country or a country that has very bad diplomatic relations with your country. Alternatively choose a country that’s not recognized by the international community.

Does Thailand Extradite to the US?

Yes, Thailand has an extradition treaty with the US.

Will the US extradite its citizens?

Yes, if an extradition treaty is in place the US may extradite its own citizens.

Which Countries have no extradition treaty with the UK?

There are a few interesting countries with no extradition treaty with UK. Countries with no extradition with the UK include Japan and China. You can find out more in The Extradition Report.

Non extradition countries meaning?

Non extradition countries are countries that have not entered into an extradition treaty between them for the return of fugitives from either country.

For a full list of countries with no extradition see The Extradition Report 2022. Written in simple language it delves into detail about extradition arrangements and how fugitives avoid being extradited.

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